The 21st Climate Change Conference is currently being held from 30th November to 11th December 2015 in Paris. The Conference is called COP 21, and is short for The 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
The framework was originally adopted at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro and led to the 1995 Kyoto Protocol, which legally binds developed countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The Conference seeks to produce a new framework, which will replace the Kyoto agreement when it runs out in 2020. The 195 convention signatories (which also includes developing countries) will vote on the text of a new agreement aimed at keeping global warming below an agreed temperature rise.